Teaser 1503585047

Odd planetary system around fast-spinning star doesn't quite fit existing models of planet formation

July 06, 2017
Astronomers have discovered a rare, warm, massive Jupiter-like planet orbiting a star that is rotating extremely quickly. The discovery raises puzzling questions about planet formation – neither the planet's comparatively small mass nor its large distance from its host star are expected according to current models. The observations that led to the discovery were made using the SPHERE instrument at ESO's very large telescope. The article describing the results has been accepted for publication in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics. [more]
Standard 1497429951

A most detailed view into distant stellar nurseries

June 14, 2017
Press release of the University of Bonn with participation of MPIA regarding the VLA-COSMOS 3 GHz project [more]
Teaser 1495531188

Newly discovered fast-growing galaxies could solve cosmic riddle – and show ancient cosmic merger

May 24, 2017
Astronomers have discovered a new kind of galaxy in the early universe, less than a billion years after the Big Bang. These galaxies are forming stars more than a hundred times faster than our own Milky Way. The discovery could explain an earlier finding: a population of suprisingly massive galaxies at a time 1.5 billion years after the Big Bang, which would require such hyper-productive precursors to grow their hundreds of billions of stars. The observations also show what appears to be the earliest image of galaxies merging. The results, by a group of astronomers led by Roberto Decarli of the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, have been published in the 25 May issue of the journal Nature. [more]
Teaser 1494935779

First radio detection of lonely planet disk shows similarities between stars and planet-like objects

May 18, 2017
First radio observations of the lonely, planet-like object OTS44 reveal a dusty protoplanetary disk that is very similar to disks around young stars. This is unexpected, given that models of star and planet formation predict that formation from a collapsing cloud, forming a central object with surrounding disk, should not be possible for such low-mass objects. Apparently, stars and planet-like objects are more similar than previously thought. The finding, by an international team led by Amelia Bayo and including several astronomers from the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, has been published in Astrophysical Journal Letters. [more]
Teaser 1494256831

Discovery in the early universe poses black hole growth puzzle

May 11, 2017
Quasars are luminous objects with supermassive black holes at their centers, visible over vast cosmic distances. Infalling matter increases the black hole mass and is also responsible for a quasar's brightness. Now, using the W.M. Keck observatory in Hawaii, astronomers led by Christina Eilers have discovered extremely young quasars with a puzzling property: these quasars have the mass of about a billion suns, yet have been collecting matter for less than 100,000 years. Conventional wisdom says quasars of that mass should have needed to pull in matter a thousand times longer than that – a cosmic conundrum. The results have been published in the May 2 edition of the Astrophysical Journal. [more]
Teaser 1511170895

New astronomical survey to monitor the entire sky

May 03, 2017
A new sky survey, the Sloan digital Sky Survey V (SDSS-V) has received funding from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, allowing the survey to go ahead in 2020. The survey is led by Juna Kollmeier of the Carnegie Institution for Science, with project scientist Hans-Walter Rix of the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy. SDSS-V will be the first survey on Earth to take spectra of objects across the entire sky, and will do so repeatedly.  This will create an immense treasure trove of data that allows for detailed statistical studies of astronomical objects and their variability. [more]
Teaser 1492769167

Ripples in Cosmic Web Measured Using Rare Double Quasars

April 27, 2017
Astronomers believe that matter in intergalactic space is distributed in a vast network of interconnected filamentary structures known as the cosmic web. Nearly all the atoms in the Universe reside in this web, vestigial material left over from the Big Bang. A team led by researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy have made the first measurements of small-scale fluctuations in the cosmic web just 2 billion years after the Big Bang. These measurements were enabled by a novel technique using pairs of quasars to probe the cosmic web along adjacent, closely separated lines of sight. They promise to help astronomers reconstruct an early chapter of cosmic history known as the epoch of reionization. The results are being published in the April 28 edition of the journal Science. [more]
 
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