Protostars and Planets VI, Heidelberg, July 15-20, 2013
Activity and Rotation in the young cluster h Per
Argiroffi, Costanza (Dip. di Fisica e Chimica, Univ. di Palermo, Italy)
Caramazza, Marilena (INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Italy)
Micela, Giusi (INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Italy)
Moraux, Estelle (UJF-Grenoble 1 / CNRS-INSU, Institut de Plantologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble, France)
Bouvier, Jerome (UJF-Grenoble 1 / CNRS-INSU, Institut de Plantologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble, France)
We study the stellar rotation-activity relation in the crucial age at which stars reach the fastest rotation. To this aim we have analyzed data of the young cluster h Per, very rich and compact, located at 2300 pc, that at an age of 13 Myr should be mainly composed of stars that have ended their contraction phase and that have not lost significant angular momentum viamagnetic breaking.
To constrain the activity level of h Per members we have analyzed a deep Chandra/ACIS-I observation. Rotational periods of h Per members have been derived by Moraux et al. (2013) in the framework of the MONITOR project (Aigrain et al. 2007; Irwin et al. 2007).
In the Chandra observation we have detected 1010 X-ray sources located in the central field of h Persei. Assuming a distance of 2300 pc their X-ray luminosity ranges between 2x10^29 and 6x10^31 erg/s. Among the 1010 x-ray sources ~600 have as optical counterpart candidate members of the cluster with masses ranging down to 0.3 solar mass, and ∼150 have also measured rotational period. For this sample of ∼150 h Per members we have compared X-ray luminosity and rotational periods for different mass ranges. We have found that solar type stars (~1.3 solar mass) show evidence of supersaturation for short periods. This phenomenon is unobserved for lower mass stars.
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