Contact

Cárdenas Vázquez, Conchi
Conchi Cárdenas Vázquez
Phone: +49 6221 528-457
Room: 022
Kürster, Martin
Martin Kürster
Head of the Technical Departments, Project Coordinator, Astronomer

Phone: +49 6221 528-214
Room: C 7

Media Contact

Jäger, Klaus
Klaus Jäger
Scientific coordinator

Phone: +49 6221 528-379
Room: 216 H

Prize awarded by the Spanish Astronomical Society for Conchi Cárdenas Vázquez

Best Spanish PhD in instrumentation

September 24, 2019

Recently, MPIA’s optics designer Concepción Cárdenas Vázquez was awarded the prize for the best Spanish PhD in Instrumentation, Computing and Technological Development in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2017-2018) fromthe Spanish Astronomical Society (SEA).
Concepción Cárdenas Vázquez Zoom Image
Concepción Cárdenas Vázquez

Entitled “PANIC, una cámara infrarroja de gran campo para Calar Alto” (PANIC, an infrared wide-field camera for Calar Alto), the thesis focuses on the PANIC wide-field infrared camera, which can operate on the 2.2 m or 3.5 m telescopes at Calar Alto. The work encompasses the theoretical study, the optical design, the assembly and integration, and the verification of PANIC on both telescopes.

The highly versatile instrument was jointly developed by the Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (MPIA) and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC). PANIC belongs to the new generation of wide field infrared cameras for ground-based telescopes and it is the first of its kind in the northern hemisphere belonging to the Spanish astronomical community. Many science cases benefit from its wide field of view and from the filters it includes, from extragalactic astronomy to the study of the Solar System, and it is an ideal instrument to perform large survey-type observations. PANIC can contribute as well to the study of star formation, gamma ray bursts or very distant quasars.

“The development of the camera included various important challenges" – Concepción Cárdenas (MPIA) says –, "due to the large field of view required on the 2.2 m telescope and to the desired wavelength range that comprises the whole near-infrared). Firstly, we had to face the challenge of designing large size lenses, optimizing a system with severe off-axis aberrations (in particular, astigmatism and field curvature), as well as minimizing chromatic aberrations due to the wide spectral range. Secondly, PANIC operates attached to the Cassegrain focus of the telescope which imposes the challenge of folding the optical path and fitting the instrument into a quite limited envelope.”

View of the PANIC optical bench during its integration in the laboratory at MPIA, with the complete optics and detectors installed. Zoom Image

View of the PANIC optical bench during its integration in the laboratory at MPIA, with the complete optics and detectors installed.

[less]

Its special features make PANIC unique among the few instruments of this kind existing at present. The camera operates in the near infrared, a wavelength range which requires vacuum conditions and cryogenic systems to cool the instrument down to -178° C. Its large field of view covers the full Moon on the 2.2 m telescope, and on the 3.5 m telescope, Jupiter and its main moons (or Galilean satellites). The instrument performance, like the plate scale, the field of view, the image quality, and the distortion across the full field, as measured at both telescopes, confirms that PANIC fulfills all of the requirements. Observations with PANIC allow the (inter)national astronomical community to tackle innovative and original science projects.

Since the commissioning of the camera, first results from various science projects have been published. All PANIC-based publications, including technical publications issued during the development of the instrument, can be found on the webpage of the instrument: http://panic.iaa.es/publications.

View of the full Moon on November 6th, 2014, corresponding to the PANIC first light on the 2.2 m telescope: monochromatic image in the molecular hydrogen (H2) narrow-band filter, field of view of 30 arcmin x 30 arcmin. Zoom Image

View of the full Moon on November 6th, 2014, corresponding to the PANIC first light on the 2.2 m telescope: monochromatic image in the molecular hydrogen (H2) narrow-band filter, field of view of 30 arcmin x 30 arcmin.

[less]

In August, 2018 a project started to upgrade the current mosaic of four 2K×2K detectors by a better quality monolithic 4K×4K detector. After receiving the new detector, the fine tuning and checking of its optical quality at MPIA, Calar Alto expects to reopen this wide infrared eye in 2020.

Responsible for PANIC were Matilde Fernández (IAA Granada) and at MPIA Josef Fried and Klaus Meisenheimer.

REFERENCES
Thesis full text from Concepción Cárdenas Vázquez available at: http://digibug.ugr.es/handle/10481/54456
Link to the SEA award news: https://www.sea-astronomia.es/noticias/daniel-nobrega-siverio-isabel-santos-y-concepcion-cardenas-premios-sea-tesis-2019

Bright infrared source RAFGL 5475: taken with PANIC at the 2.2 m telescope, Filters J, H and Ks, field of view 15 armin x 15 armin. This image demonstrates the excellent image quality of the instrument. Zoom Image

Bright infrared source RAFGL 5475: taken with PANIC at the 2.2 m telescope, Filters J, H and Ks, field of view 15 armin x 15 armin. This image demonstrates the excellent image quality of the instrument.

[less]
 
loading content
Go to Editor View